Unfamiliar terms and words often appear in reports on assessments and in conversations with professionals. Parents may be unsure of their meaning and the implications they have for their child – here are some of the words/phrases you may encounter.

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There are 3 names in this directory beginning with the letter I.
I.E.P (Individual Education Plan)
An I.E.P, or more formally known as an Individual Education Plan, is a written plan/program generally written and monitored by the school’s SENCO (special educational needs co-ordinator) with input from the parents and any professionals involved with the child. It specifies the child or young person’s educational/academic goals and the methods the team working with the child will use to obtain these goals. The I.E.P will focus on the areas that are affected by the difficulties/disability(ies) which the child or young person has. The I.E.P will provide a focus for the child’s learning and should reflect high expectations for the child. It should also specify a specific timeframe for how long the targets will be worked on before the outcomes will be reviewed, preferably termly at most. The parents should be informed of the outcome of the review of the targets, where the targets will either have been achieved or need to be focused on for a bit longer. The I.E.P will identify supports and services the child needs for success. Examples of I.E.P targets include ‘to understand and respond to subtle cues in a conversation with other children eg. facial expression, body language’, ‘to initiate a conversation with another child’, ‘to use the past tense –ed when talking about events that have already happened’, ‘to apply the correct amount of pressure when writing’ and ‘to start letters in the right place’. These are just a few examples of the variety of targets which can be included in an I.E.P.

Individual Health Care Plan
This is a document which is completed annually (or more frequently if necessary). It is generally put together and reviewed at a meeting in school which parents and any outside professionals attend if the child has medical conditions/equipment which has implications for how they are looked after within an educational setting. Children with epilepsy/diabetes/asthma/cochlear implants are examples of groups of children who may have Individual Health Care Plans. The health care plan details the condition, the educational implications, the care pathways which must be followed in event of an incidence and includes important contact numbers and procedures. It will also cover daily management issues and equipment use.

Information, Advice and Support
Local authorities already have to make impartial information and advice and support available to parent carers about SEND. From September, local authorities must make information and advice available that also covers disability, health and social care and is also available directly to young people as well as parent carers.

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